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For architects, the term client usually means the project owner who directly hires them for their architectural services. Alternatively the project owner is called owner. While we architects serve the owners first and foremost, in a larger picture the building users and other project stakeholders are also served by our designs. Hence in a sense they are clients without direct communication with the architect. Understanding the needs & wishes of those indirect clients and taking their building experience into account are essential to good architectural design. That's part of what we architects are trained to do.

In the case of a new daycare center project for which YA has recently prepared a schematic design, our clients included neuro-divergent (ND) persons who have autistic spectrum disorder with or without intellectual disabilities, their caregiving staffers who are employees of a social care provider organization, and the project owner who hired YA.

YA began the project process by meeting with the caregiving staffers and observe the daycare operation at their existing daycare facilities. These visits allowed YA to gather the caregiving staffers' inputs and become aware of our ND clients' sensory issues and everyday life challenges to be addressed by our design.

The conditions of the ND clients force severe limitations in verbal communication, which can be overwhelmingly frustrating: Those holes punched in the restroom walls speak. Some of their sensory systems can be hyper-sensitive on some days, while their interoception can be hypo-sensitive. Their sensory issues can also make what appears to be a typical normal work spaces—even aesthetically great ones—a not-so-comfortable ones for them to spend a day in.

Our ND clients' quality of life at the facility directly affects that of their homes. And vice versa. In turn it affects their caregiving family members' quality of life as well. That said, when prioritizing the ND clients' facility experience, the architectural design could be most effective.

a wall dent in the bathroom of a daycare center for those with autistic spectrum disorder and intellectual disability

a daycare center for those with autistic spectrum disorder and intellectual disability

a quick sketch diagram scribbled on the meeting table

a foam core study model to elicit client feedbacks

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